Your First Garden: What You Need to Know Before You Prune Shrubs and Trees
What are Shrubs?
Shrubs are plants with small leaves and flowers that grow from the ground. They include many types of grasses, herbs, sedges, ferns, mosses and other plants that require little or no water. Some shrubbery species have edible fruits such as berries or nuts. These types of plant do not need much care because they survive well without any attention at all.
How to Trim Overgrown Shrubs?
There are several methods to trim overgrown shrubs. One method is to use a machete or axe and chop down the bush. Another method is using a knife and cutting it off at its base. A third way is using a pair of scissors and snipping away the lower branches so that only the trunk remains standing.
When Should You Cut Back Trees and Shrubs?
Most tree and shrub species do not need much maintenance. However, some species require more attention than others. For example, if you live in a dry climate where there is little rainfall then trees and shrubs may become overgrown quickly. If this happens, you will want to cut back these types of plants immediately so that they don’t rot from lack of moisture. In general, you should prune shrubs and trees during the late fall or early spring because this is when they are dormant. Pruning allows plants to expend their energy on growing new leaves rather than fixing damage caused by pruning.
Pruning Evergreen Bushes
Evergreen bushes such as holly, pine, spruce, yew, boxwood, and junipers should be trimmed at least once every three years. Ideally, you should cut these types of bushes back during the growing season when they are actively growing.
How to Prune Shrubs in Summer?
You can trim most shrubs in the summer. Just make sure that you do not trim them back too far. During the summer, shrubs tend to grow very quickly and you don’t want to remove more than one third of the plant at a time. Also, make sure to leave the plant’s buds intact. Never remove more than one third of the plant at a time.
Pruning Shrubs with Flowering Bushes
Check the shrub’s label to see when it is typically in bloom. If you prune a shrub with flowers during the time that it’s in bloom then you will not be able to realize its full aesthetic effect. For example, you wouldn’t want to prune a lilac bush in early spring because this is when it blooms.
Wait until the blooming period is over before trimming it back.
How to Trim Ornamental Shrubs?
Decorative bushes are shrubs that have been bred or selected to grow into interesting shapes. Unlike other shrubs, these types of plants don’t require much maintenance. You can trim most ornamental bushes anytime of the year. Just make sure not to trim back past the last set of branches.
Pruning Flowering Shrubs?
Most flowering shrubs bloom on the current season’s growth. If you prune these types of plants during the blooming period, then you will not get any flowers. For example, if you prune a lilac bush in spring, then it won’t bloom that year. It is best to prune these plants immediately after they bloom. You can prune them during the winter also, but make sure not to trim them back too much.
How to Prune Roses?
Roses should be trimmed at least once every year. They should be pruned right after they bloom, in late spring or early summer. One important thing to remember when pruning roses is to cut them back by a third to a half. You should never prune more than this because it can actually kill the plant. Also, make sure to remove any dead wood or canes that are diseased.
How to Prune Ornamental Trees?
Ornamental trees such as crabapples and dogwoods do not require much pruning. Most of these trees should be trimmed at least once every three years. You should trim ornamental trees right after they bloom. One important thing to remember is not to cut off more than one third of the plant at a time.
How to Prune Fruit Trees?
Fruit trees should be pruned in late winter or very early spring before they come into bloom. You can prune fruit trees by one half or you can prune them right down to the ground. The type of pruning that you will have to do depends on the tree itself and what its normal growth pattern is.
Sources & references used in this article:
- Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles (WJ Bean – 1919 – books.google.com)
- Garden shrubs and their histories (AM Coats, JL Creech – 1992 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org)
- Arboriculture: integrated management of landscape trees, shrubs, and vines. (RW Harris – 1992 – cabdirect.org)
- Pests of landscape trees and shrubs: an integrated pest management guide (SH Dreistadt – 2016 – books.google.com)
- The organic gardener’s handbook of natural insect and disease control: A complete problem-solving guide to keeping your garden and yard healthy without … (BW Ellis, FM Bradley, H Atthowe – 1996 – books.google.com)