Your First Garden: The Right Watering Method for Your Garden
Watering Your Vegetable Garden
You may have noticed that your plants are not getting enough water. You could try watering them more frequently or even use a sprinkler system.
However, it’s better to just give up and let nature take its course. If you don’t want to do anything else, then just wait until they get thirsty again. Let nature take care of the rest!
The first thing you need to do is determine what type of soil your garden is growing in. Some types of soil require different amounts of water than others.
For example, sandy soils like clay will require less water than potting mix or loamy soils like sandstone. Soil types are determined by the amount of organic matter present in the soil. Organic matter consists mostly of dead plant material and decaying animal carcasses. When these materials decompose, they release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is one of the main factors responsible for controlling climate change.
Soil types vary from place to place and season to season. Therefore, it would be wise to look at a map before deciding where you want to grow your vegetables in the future.
If your vegetable garden tends to dry out quickly, it might be best to locate in a sandy area. However, vegetables that require more moisture to grow would do better in a more loamy area.
Once you have determined the type of soil your garden will be located in, it is time to start preparing the soil for planting. If your soil is very sandy, then you will need to add more organic matter before planting your seeds or seedlings.
Organic matter consists of materials like peat moss, manure, or even rotten plant material. You should add at least three inches of organic matter before planting.
If your soil is too clayey, it can be hard to work with and drains water away very quickly. This means you will have to add more sand or organic matter to loosen it up a bit.
Adding organic matter is the same process as described above. Add a minimum of three inches to the top layer of soil.
Once you have added organic matter to your soil, it is time to prepare it for planting. You could use a tiller or even a heavy duty rake to break up large clumps of soil.
After working the soil over, make sure it is level. Any low spots can be filled in and high spots can be removed so that the soil is relatively flat. This will ensure even watering.
Once the soil is ready to go, it’s time to plant your seeds or seedlings. If you are transplanting from a container, make sure the roots are not disturbed and place them into the ground at the same depth that they were in the pot.
This will help them continue growing. Gently water the soil after planting to remove any air pockets.
Now you can water your vegetable garden as described above. If your soil is sandy, then you will have to water quite a bit more often.
Clayey soil, on the other hand, will not need to be watered nearly as much.
As your plants grow, it is important to fertilize them for optimum growth. You can either create your own fertilizer using ingredients from the kitchen or garden supply store or you can buy one of the many ready-made fertilizers available to consumers today.
After your plants begin to flower, they will produce vegetables that you can pick and eat. You’ll need to keep an eye on your garden at this point.
If a particular plant doesn’t seem to be producing as much as others, you might want to remove it to give more nutrients to the ones that are producing well. Also, any vegetables that appear diseased should be removed immediately so as not to infect the other plants.
Sources & references used in this article:
- The organic gardener’s handbook of natural insect and disease control: A complete problem-solving guide to keeping your garden and yard healthy without … (BW Ellis, FM Bradley, H Atthowe – 1996 – books.google.com)
- Urbanization and sustainable resource use: the case of garden watering in the metropolitan region of Barcelona (E Domene, D Saurí, M Parés – Urban Geography, 2005 – Taylor & Francis)
- … the Most Reasonable and Advantageous Methods of Raising and Conducting Water, for the Watering Noblemens and Gentlemens Seats, Buildings, Gardens … (S Switzer – 1729 – books.google.com)